One sure thing is that education is a national policy which is given top priority. And when the world develops, schools need to move towards in order to satisfy the demands of today’s economy.
So, when it comes to the third education revolution, do you have any idea about it? What is it? Why do we need to learn about it? Etc.
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In the past
Previous changes in how people work have mostly been attended in the US by an enlargement in the amount of education. This required by employers who craved for a good job.
In the beginning 1900s, secondary schools were switched to a nationwide system for mass education by the “high-school movement.” And this system gave training for life instead of showing small-scale institutions which were designed to form a chosen group of students for college.
How about the result?9% of American youths acquired a high-school diploma in 1910 while 40% did in 1935.
This extension of high schools was described as the first revolution in a century-long widening of education in the US in respond to the developing demands of the economy.
The second revolution in developing education for a growing workforce happened in the 1960s with the “college-for-all movement.”
President Lyndon B. Johnson agreed and signed the Higher Education Act in 1965. This Act supported federal assistance for higher education. Meanwhile, some States established community college campuses and broadened the goal of state teachers’ colleges by giving a group of programs in all academic fields.
Relying on that, enrollment in higher education doubled from 8.5 million to 20.5 million students between 1970 and 2016.
The third education revolution in education and training has arrived, according to educators, economists, and workforce-development officials.
Since we are in the 21st century, the level of preparation in the first two revolutions is not sufficient. That’s why the third one is possible to be labeled by continued training throughout a person’s lifetime. Relying on that, he/she can maintain current in a career, learn how to complete rising levels of automation, and acquire necessary skills for a new job.
Now, workers will possibly consume this enduring learning in short changes when they need it rather than spending months or years to achieve degrees or certificates.
But, the BIG anxiety is that the appearance of lifelong education only heightens the economic divide in the US. You should know that the levels of education in this country are nearly tied to income. For instance, wealthy children are far more possible to graduate from college than the working-class and poor peers.
All in all, there is no reason not to trust that trend will not continue in this third revolution of lifelong education. Instead of supporting unemployed or underemployed workers who need to improve their skill to get a new job or keep their current one, it sounds like we are only assisting workers who already have high levels so that they can get the instruction.
Two coexistent forces in the third education revolution
The first one is all about automation and the broadening divide between the lifetime income of high-school and college graduates. Experts forecasted that some jobs will ever be completely automated while a computer possibly performs some in the future.
The second one is the appearance of the gigabyte economy, which is changing the traditional relationship between employees and employers as well as contractors and freelancers.
Both trends in the job market come with the potential to upset the present federal workforce-training system that is mainly operated by the government and dependent on firm projections about future works with traditional workers.
Moreover, the federal training programs offer fund via local workforce committees. They are described as one-stop centers where job seekers come for a full-time job, not to become independent entrepreneurs or contractors.
In case more and more people are employed as freelancers in the future, workforce-growth officials will be face up to learning new skills so that they can remain their job.
If education and training become a lifelong project, another BIG question is how to pay for it. Lots of people join the workforce already in debt from college. According to an estimate, student debt has increased to $1.3 trillion since 2009.
In answers, some states provide Lifelong Learning Accounts that permits employees and employers to be responsible for an account for retraining purposes.
According to Michael Horn, a higher-education consultant, establishing the “renewable learning funds” is also ideal. Theyare used to pay for an alternative form of financial aid,called income-share agreements. And such contracts give students money to pay for college costs, and, in exchange, they need to engage to pay back a percentage of their upcoming income rather than accepting a stable amount of debt.
In a word
The first two revolutions of education helped the US create the world’s most successful economy. Therefore, it’s obvious the third education revolution is necessary to develop a new economy in which learning can never stop.